Yadnum S., Roche J., Lebraud E., Négrier P., Garrigue P., Bradshaw D., Warakulwit C., Limtrakul J., Kuhn A.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 126, 4082-4086.

Herein, bipolar electrochemistry is applied in a straightforward way to the site-selective in situ synthesis of metal–organic framework (MOF) structures, which have attracted tremendous interest in recent years because of their significant application potential, ranging from sensing to gas storage and catalysis. The novelty of the presented work is that the deposit can be intentionally confined to a defined area of a substrate without using masks or templates. The intrinsic site selectivity of bipolar electrochemistry makes it a method of choice to generate, in a highly controlled way, hybrid particles that may have different functionalities combined on the same particle. The wireless nature of electrodeposition allows the potential for mass production of such Janus-type objects.